When to grow?

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Vegetable growing time
Vegetables seasons in India
Sometimes we don’t know which vegetable seed to sow in a season.
Here is a general idea for you. Download PDF
Vegetable Name
Growth season - North India
Growth Season - South India
Germination Temperature (°C)
Sowing technique
Sowing depth (inches)
Sowing Distance (inches/feet)
Maturity time (in days)
Apple Gourd/ Round gourd/ Tinda
Feb-Mar
Jun-Jul
Feb-Mar
Jun-Jul
20-30
Direct
1
Between Seeds - 12”
Between rows - 12”
70-80
Beetroot/ Chukundar
Oct-Nov
Aug-Nov
10-30
Direct
1
Between Seeds - 4”
Between Rows - 18”
80-90
Bitter Gourd/ Karela
Feb-Mar
Jun-Jul
Nov-Dec
Dec-Jan
Jun-Jul
20-30
Direct
0.5
Between Seeds - 1 ft
Between Rows - 4 ft
55-60
Bottle Gourd/ Louki
Feb-Mar
Jun-Jul
Nov-Dec
Dec-Jan
Jun-Jul
20-30
Direct
1-2
Between Seeds - 1 ft
Between Rows - 4 ft
55-60
Broccoli
Aug-Sept
Aug-Sept
21-23
Transplant
1.5
Between Seeds - 1 ft
Between Rows - 1.5 ft
90-100
Cabbage/ Pattagobi
Sept-Oct
Jun-Jul
Oct-Nov
10-20
Transplant
0.25
Between Seeds - 1 ft
Between Rows - 1.5 ft
90-100
Capsicum/ Shimla mirch
Nov-Jan
May-Jun
Jan-Feb
May-Jun
Oct-Nov
15-25
Transplant
0.25-0.5
Between Seeds - 1.5 ft.
Between Rows - 1.5 ft.
95-100
Carrot/ Gajar
Aug-Sept-Oct
Aug-Nov
10-30
Direct
0.25
Between Seeds - 2”
Between Rows - 1.5 ft
75-80
Cucumber/ Kheera
Feb-Mar
Jun
Jul
Jun-Jul
Sept-Oct
Dec-Jan
16-32
Direct
0.5
Between Rows - 12”
50-70
Beans/ Falidar sabjiyan
Feb-Mar
-
16-30
Direct
1-1.5
Between Seeds - 8”
Between Rows - 18”
45-50
Lettuce
Sept-Oct
Oct-Dec
7-27
Direct/Transplant
Surface Sow, cover lightly with soil
Between Rows - 8”-12”
45-55
Okra/ Bhindi
Feb-Mar
Jun-Jul
Jan-Feb
May-Jun
Oct-Dec
20-32
Direct
0.5
Between Seeds - 12”
Between Rows - 18”
45-50
Onion/ Pyaz/ Kanda
May-Jun
Mar-Apr
May-Jun
Sept-Oct
10-32
Transplant
0.25
Between Seeds - 4 ft.
Between Rows - 6 ft
150-160
Peas/ Matar
Sept-Oct-Nov
Sept-Oct-Nov
10-22
Direct
1
Between Seeds - 4”
Between Rows - 12”
55-60
Radish/ Mooli
Aug-Jan
-depends-
10-30
Direct
0.5
Between Seeds - 2”-3”
Between Rows - 12”
40-45
Spinach/ Paalak
Sept-Nov
Feb
Sept-Oct-Nov
10-22
Direct
0.5
Between Seeds - 3”
Between Rows - 9”
60
Tomato/ Tamatar
Jun-Aug
Nov-Dec
Jan-Feb
Jun-Jul
Oct-Nov
20-30
Transplant
0.25
Between Seeds - 1 ft
Between Rows - 2.5 ft
110-115
Turnip/ Shaljam
Oct-Nov
Oct-Nov
15-35
Direct
0.5
Between Seeds - 4”
Between Rows - 1.5 ft
40-50
Cauliflower (Early)
Mid-June
Jun-Jul
Aug-Sept
25-27
Transplant
0.5
Between Seeds - 2 ft
Between Rows - 2 ft
120-125
Cauliflower (Late)/ Bandgobi
Aug-Sept-Oct
Jun-Jul
16-20
Transplant
0.5
Between Seeds - 2 ft
Between Rows - 2 ft
120-125
Cauliflower (Mid-season)
Sept-Oct
Jun-Jul
Aug-Sept
<16
Transplant
0.5
Between Seeds - 2 ft
Between Rows - 2 ft
120-125
Potato/ Aaloo
Oct-Dec
Oct-Dec
4
Direct
4
Between Rows - 12”-18”
70-120
Pumpkin/ Kaddu
Jan-Mar
Sept-Dec
May-Jun
Jun-Jul
Dec-Jan
20-35
Direct
1
Between Seeds - 24”-48”
70-75
Corn/ Bhutta
Oct-Nov
Sept-Oct
10
Direct
1-1.5
Between Seeds - 4”-6”
Between Rows - 30”-36”
60-100
Melon/ Tarboj or Kharbooj
Feb-Mar
Jun-Jul
Jan-Feb
Mar-Jun
Oct-Dec
22-32
Direct
1
Between Rows - 18”-24”
70-85

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TAMESIS AGROBASE (P) LTD: When to grow?
When to grow?
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