Marigold Cultivation Project and possible income


Marigold Cultivation Project and possible income:

 You may be wondering about the income from growing calendula (Marigold) when it is sown in 4047 square meters (one acre) field, let’s take a view as we are here to learn about the economics of the crop.

Calendula belongs to the Asteraceae family. It is the most popular flower and ranks 3rd after roses and chrysanthemums in India. It has a high value and can be grown on a small scale, but it is a labor-intensive crop. Many flower cultivators depend on marigold cultivation as a source of income.

Marigold cultivation cost, net income and profit in one acre of land:

Universal use of calendula or marigold in all their ceremonies like wedding, special occasions, festivals, rituals and sometimes in political and historical occasions has retained the market for flower production on a commercial basis to meet the market demand.

During festivals like Hindu new year, Navratra, Dusshera, Diwali etc. the market demand is very high and hence the price can go up to Rs.280 per kg. Marigold is available in many sizes and colors which makes this flower so special.

Types and varieties of Marigold:

There are two varieties and about 50 species of Marigold which are divided based on their size and characteristics.

Two of the majorly used variety include:

African Marigold- Flowers are bigger in size.

French Marigold- Flowers are smaller in size.

But there are several varieties of marigold that are proven to provide better yield in those varieties African hybrid varieties are Happiness, primrose, Cracker Jack, yellow supreme, Hawaii, climax, Fiesta, New Alaska, glitter and apricot.

French hybrid varieties are Red Bokardo, Flash, Star of India, petit Spray, Gypsy, Harmony, Rusty Red and Lemon Drops.

Apart from these India has some local varieties that includes yellow and orange, Pusa basanti gainda, Pusa narangi gainda and MDU-1.

Growth conditions and land preparation:

Marigold can thrive in hot, dry as well as humid weather conditions. Hence, they can grow throughout the year but requires mild climatic conditions for best yield.

It can grow well at 15°C – 29°C. A very hot climate may affect flowering growth.

 As per concerning to the soil conditions marigold can grow in a wide range of soil. It shows good results in fertile sandy loam well irrigated Soil with a pH between 6.5-7.5.

Too acidic & saline soils are not suitable for it.

Next, to prepare the land plow the land well to attain tilth of the soil then add organic manure compost to the soil to make it fertile, cow dung compost or earth worm compost are the best options for this step.

In case of nutrient deficiencies applying inorganic fertilizers like N:P: K at a ratio of 10:10:10 per acre can give higher yields.

Sowing the seeds of Marigold:

Before sowing seed should be coated with Azospirillum (nitrogen-fixing bacteria from the family of Rhodospirillaceae. Azospirillum bacteria can promote plant growth.)  of 200gm in 50 ml of Rice gruel.

Seeds can be sown all around the year but best sown in warmer temperature to prevent any fungal infection in seedlings.

For raising seedlings seeds have to be broadcasted on the raised beds from May to June months.

 Seed beds should be watered frequently and after one month of sowing or if the plant reaches about 15 cm to 20 cm height, then seedlings have to be transplanted on the field on the side of the ridge at 45 cm x 35 cm spacing.


How to water Marigold plants:

Marigold requires constant moisture in the soil throughout their lifecycle. Based

on the soil moisture irrigation should be provided when needed, to get a better idea you must check if the top 1 to 1.5 inches of land is dry or not, if it is dry its watering time.

Irrigation should be immediately given after planting in the field, light irrigation is

recommended on every time the top 1- 1.5-inch soil gets dry.

Marigold crops are sensitive to waterlogging, well internal drainage system should be maintained in the rainy season to prevent rotting of the roots. Also weed management should be done when needed, hand picking weeds is the best method as using chemicals can harm productivity and salability of the flowers.

More about Marigold farming:

Pinching practice results in high yields and it should be done after 20 days of transplanting for a bust growth and development of lateral branches of the marigold plant. The crop stays in its vegetative state (life span) for about 100 to 135 days. The harvest can be started after 45 to 60 days of planting based on the variety of the plant.

The total yield of gainda phool per acre:

The yield mostly depends on the soil type, farm management practices and variety of seed chosen.

The yield varies from 2 – 4.0 tons/acre during the course of marigold plants life.

Selling out Marigold flowers:

As this flower has huge demands in markets it is most likely to be sold in the local markets and can be transported to different places by proper handling and packaging.

Pests and Diseases of Marigold plants:

Caterpillar and thrips - spraying 0.1% of Nuvacron.

Milybug -spraying Dimethoate at 0.5 ml/Litre of water.

Root rot – drench in 1gm/ Litre of Bavisitin.

Leaf spot - 0.2% of Dithiane M 45.

Now let’s talk about Costs involved in Marigold farming /1 acre of land:

Preparation of land, Materials for plantation, Machines charge, Fertilizers, Plant safety, Irrigation, Labor Charges, Miscellaneous cost and Marketing cost are about 50,000 in western Rajasthan in the year of 2022. The cost will vary depending upon area you’re farming.

Income returns

The income will be around 45 to 80 rupees per kilogram of the flower, depending upon demand and the quality of the flower, here we are taking 50 Indian Rupees  as Mandi price.

Income for 3 tons (an average yield per 1 acre) = 3,000 x 50= Rs. 1,50,000.

Profit and Returns

Profit = Income- Total cost incurred = Rs. 1,50,000- Rs. 50,000 = Rs. 1,00,000.

As we concluded:

Marigold farming is profitable as it a high demand flower and grows in almost all regions of India, it is fragrant and easy to grow with minimal care and investment the investment to returns ratio is quite high and can be grown with minimum farming knowledge, the flowers are easy to pick and stays fresh for several days, which makes it even more profitable.